Musical Terms: Dynamics

These terms describe how loud or soft to play music. Many of these dynamics have abbreviations that appear in scores.

  • pianissimo, pp: as soft as possible
  • piano, p: softly
  • mezzo piano, mp: moderately soft
  • mezzo forte, mf: moderately loud
  • forte, f: loud
  • fortissimo, ff: as loud as possible
  • decrescendo, descresc.: gradually getting softer
  • diminuendo, dim.: gradually getting softer
  • crescendo, cresc. : gradually getting louder
Last modified: Saturday, 23 August 2014, 9:46 AM